At any intersection, slow down and take a good look in all directions. Look for other road users, including cyclists and pedestrians, before you enter, turn or cross at any intersection.


A roundabout is a central island in the middle of an intersection, where all vehicles must travel to the left of the island. Roundabouts can be small, large, single-laned or multi-laned. The number of roads that come into a roundabout can range from three to five or even more.

The operating speed at roundabouts are usually 20-30km/h, unless it is a large roundabout on a motorway where it would be designed for higher speeds. The main object is to keep traffic moving, even if it is at a slower pace. Once vehicles come to a standstill, it takes time for the traffic to move again.

Single-laned Roundabouts

When you come up to a roundabout that has only one lane in each direction:

Slow down as you come up to the roundabout and be prepared to give way.
Give way to all vehicles that will cross your path from your right as you enter the roundabout.

Multi-laned Roundabouts

Most roundabout that have more than one lane in each direction are marked with lanes and arrows, which help you enter and leave the roundabout. The lane markings and arrows will tell you which lane to use.

Not all roundabouts are marked the same way, so take extra care – especially at the exits. If you need to cross from one lane to another near an exit, give way to any vehicles in the lane that you want to enter.

When coming up to a multi-laned roundabout:

Slow down as you come up to the roundabout and be prepared to give way.
Be in the correct lane for where you want to go.
Give way to all vehicles that will cross your path from your right as you enter the roundabout.

Signal Use at Roundabouts

If you are turning left at the first exit of a roundabout:
Signal left as you come up to the roundabout.

If you are travelling more than halfway around a roundabout:
Signal right as you come up to the roundabout
Signal left as you pass the exit before the one you wish to take.

Look out for cyclists who may find it difficult to maintain a turn signal on a roundabout and are exempt from this requirement.


At roundabout, look out for vehicles that:

May have to change lanes to exit
May not be able to stay in their lane because they are:
Large ( for example, buses)
Travelling too fast

Roundabout Signs

Some of the signs you may see at a roundabout are shown below.

This sign tells you that you are coming up to a roundabout. You should be ready to give way.

This one tells you to keep to the left of the traffic island as you come up to the roundabout.

This sign tells you that you must apply the roundabout give way rules.

What is an Intersection?

An intersection is where two or more streets or roads join or cross. Intersections can include where a public entrance or exit going a street or road.

Intersections can include entrances to and exits from supermarkets, petrol stations and other public parking areas, such as airports and hospitals. There are a number of different types of intersections, depending on how many roads meet at the intersection.

If another vehicle is approaching or crossing an intersection, do not speed up when approaching. As you drive up to an intersection, use the system of car control. This method helps you deal with hazards safely.

Course – Look ahead for a safe and legal path

Mirrors – Look behind and in your blind spots

Signal for at least three seconds

Brakes – Slow down so that you can give way if required

Gears – Change if necessary

When it is safe:
Accelerate up to traffic speed





  • Road users must stop or give way as necessary at Stop signs, Give Way signs and traffic signals.

  • If you are turning, give way to vehicles not turning. Note: If you are leaving the path of a marked centre line, you are deemed to be turning and must give way to vehicles that are following the centre line.

  • If you are turning right, give way to all vehicles coming towards you including those turning left. Note: this applies if both vehicles are facing no signs or signals or the same signs or signals.

  • At a T intersection or driveway, traffic on termination road or driveway must give wall to all traffic on a continuing road.

  • In all other situations, give way to vehicles coming from your right.